Loading…

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition in which a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain, but often occurs without any symptoms.
Clots can form in superficial veins and in deep veins. Blood clots with inflammation in superficial veins rarely cause serious problems. But clots in deep veins require immediate medical attention.

Symptoms
They occur in one leg as follows:
• Redness, a definite change in skin colour
• Increased warmth
• Leg tenderness and pain
• Edema (swelling)
Also, signs of pulmonary embolism, a life-threatening complication of DVT which include:
• Unexplained sudden onset of shortness of breath
• Discomfort or chest pain that gets worse with a deep breath or coughing
• Lightheadedness or faintness
• Feeling anxious or nervous
• Coughing up blood

Causes
DVT mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh. The clot can block blood flow. If the clot breaks off and moves through the bloodstream, it can get stuck in the brain, lungs, heart, or other areas, leading to severe damage. A thrombosis can occur at any age, but is most common in adults over 60.

Risk factors
Many factors can increase your risk of developing thromboses:
• Sitting for lengthy periods, like when driving or flying. When your legs remain still for long periods, your calf muscles don’t contract, which normally helps blood circulate. Blood clots can form in the calves of your legs if your calf muscles aren’t moving. Although sitting for long periods is a risk factor, your chance of developing deep vein thrombosis while flying or driving is relatively low.
• Inherited blood-clotting disorder. Inherit disorders can make blood clot more easily. However, it may not cause problems unless combined with one or more other risk factors.
• Prolonged bed rest, such as during a long hospital stay, or paralysis.
• Injury or surgery. Injury to your veins or surgery can slow blood flow, increasing the risk of blood clots. General anesthetics used during surgery can make your veins wider (dilate), which can increase the risk of blood pooling and then clotting.
• Pregnancy. It increases the pressure in the veins in your pelvis and legs. Women with an inherited clotting disorder are especially at risk. The risk of blood clots from pregnancy can continue for up to six weeks after you have your baby.
• Cancer. Some forms of cancer increase the amount of substances in your blood that cause your blood to clot. Conversely some forms of cancer treatment also increase the risk of blood clots.
• Heart failure. People with heart failure are at risk of DVT because a damaged heart doesn’t pump blood as effectively as a normal heart does. This increases the chance that blood will pool and clot.
• Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy. Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) and hormone replacement therapy both can increase your blood’s ability to clot.
• A pacemaker or a thin, flexible tube (catheter) in a vein. These can irritate the blood vessel wall and decrease blood flow.
• A history of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. Having had DVT before means you could have DVT in the future.
• A family history of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. If someone in your family has had DVT or a pulmonary embolism, your risk is increased.
• Overweight or obesity. Can increase the pressure in the veins in your pelvis and legs.
• Smoking. Smoking affects blood clotting and circulation.
• Overproduction of red blood cells in bone marrow (polycythemia vera) or related conditions
• Fractures
• Giving birth within the last 6 months
• Some medications. Such as estrogen and birth control pills
• Recent surgery. Especially hip, knee, or female reproductive organ surgery
Tests
If your doctor suspects that you have DVT, you probably will have an ultrasound test to measure the blood flow through your veins and help find any clots that might be blocking the flow. Other tests, such as a venogram, are sometimes used if ultrasound results are unclear. A venogram is an X-ray test that takes pictures of the blood flow through the veins.

Treatment
Treatment for DVT usually involves taking blood thinners for at least 3 months to prevent existing clots from growing. Warfarin is a popular pill which is given for thinning the blood.
You would also have blood tests often to see how well the blood thinners are working. Additionally, your doctor may recommend that you prop up or elevate your leg when possible, take walks, and wear compression stockings. These measures may help reduce the pain and swelling that can happen with DVT.

Prevention
Preventing deep vein thrombosis is far easier than treating it after it has occurred. Some common preventive measures include:
• Taking prescribed medications as directed. If you’re having surgery, such as orthopaedic surgery, you’ll probably be given blood thinners while you’re in the hospital.
• Checking in with your doctor regularly to see if your medication or treatments need to be modified.
• Watching how much vitamin K you’re ingesting if you take blood thinners. Vitamin K can affect how drugs such as Warfarin work. Foods high in vitamin K include green leafy vegetables, canola and soybean oils.
• Exercising your lower calf muscles when sitting for long periods. Whenever possible, get up and walk around. If you can’t get up to walk around, try raising and lowering your heels while keeping your toes on the floor, then raising your toes while your heels are on the floor.
• Keeping on the move. If you’ve been on bed rest, because of surgery or other factors, the sooner you get moving, the less likely blood clots are to develop.
• Making lifestyle changes. Lose weight, quit smoking and control your blood pressure.
• Wearing compression stockings if your doctor recommends them.
Your feet mirror your general health . . . cherish them!

47 thoughts on “Deep Vein Thrombosis

  1. Hey this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  2. Fairly part of content. I merely found your webblog plus accession capital to assert i receive the truth is really enjoyed bank account your web site posts. Nevertheless We are subscribing to all your provides nourishment to as well as I victory you accessibility dependably rapidly.

  3. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A number of my blog audience have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any ideas to help fix this issue?

  4. However, like all businesses online there are many pitfalls associated with affiliate marketing the most common marketing mistakes can cost the person dearly even getting them to give up thinking it does not work! Those who make these mistakes will pay out & lose most of it that they were making a profit with on a daily basis. Therefore it goes without saying it is best to avoid them to be disappointed in the end.

  5. First Off, let me commend your clearness on this subject. I am not an expert on this subject, but after reading your editorial, my understanding has developed substantially. Please allow me to grab your rss feed to stay in touch with any forthcoming updates.

  6. Oh my goodness! Its like you understand my mind! You seem to know a lot about this, just like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you can do with some pictures to drive the content home a bit, besides that, this is outstanding blog. A wonderful read. I will definitely return again.

  7. My group is quite often towards wordpress blogging and that i quite thank you for website content. Your new article has truly highs my personal desire. Since my lifestyle lesezeichen your websites and additionally preserve reading for brand new details.

  8. Heya i am for the first time hereI found this board and I to find It truly useful & it helped me out muchI hope to provide one thing back and aid others like you aided me.

  9. Hey how are you doing? I just wanted to stop by and say that its been a pleasure reading your blog. I have bookmarked your website so that I can come back & read more in the future as well. plz do keep up the quality writing

  10. I had this page bookmarked a while before but my notebook crashed. I have since gotten a new one and it took me a while to locate this! I also really like the template though.

  11. These kind of post are always inspiring and I prefer to check out quality content so I happy to finally find many excellent point here in the post, writing is simply great, thank you for the post

  12. This is my first time I have visited here. I found a lot of interesting stuff in your blog. From the tons of comments on your posts, I guess I am not the only one! keep up the impressive work.

  13. Thank you pertaining to spreading that wonderful content on your internet site. I noticed it on the internet. I may check back again whenever you publish additional aricles.

  14. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all folks you actually recognize what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Please also consult with my web site =). We will have a link alternate agreement between us!

  15. Hi, i feel that i noticed you visited my weblog so i got here to ¡°go back the favor¡±.I’m attempting to in finding issues to improve my website!I guess its good enough to make use of a few of your concepts!!

  16. Hey very cool web site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds also…I’m happy to seek out so many helpful info right here within the submit, we want work out extra techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  17. Great blog right here! Additionally your website rather a lot up fast! What host are you using? Can I get your associate link for your host? I desire my website loaded up as fast as yours lol

  18. Thank you for an additional wonderful post. Where else could anybody get that type of data in this kind of a ideal way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am around the look for such data.

  19. Damn, awesome website. I actually came across this on Bing, and I am happy I did. I will definately be coming back here more often. Wish I could add to the posts here and bring a bit more to the table, but am just absorbing as much info as I can at the moment.

  20. Currently its good time to create a few plans for the longer term and it is the moment to take a break. I have learn this post and if I may just I wish to recommend you few interesting issues or advice. Maybe you can post subsequent articles referring to this blogpost. I hope to study more issues of it!

  21. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

  22. Hey there. I discovered your web site by the use of Google even as looking for a related matter, your website got here up. It looks great. I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to visit later.

  23. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  24. Hey there, thank you for sharing your opinions in Almawi Ltd, The Holistic Clinic | Our Blog | Foot Health, Wellness and More. This is actually an awesome website.

Leave a Reply